The effects of alcoholism are far reaching. Alcohol affects every body system, causing a wide range of health problems. Problems include poor nutrition, memory disorders, difficulty with balance and walking, liver disease (including cirrhosis and hepatitis), high blood pressure, muscle weakness (including the heart), heart rhythm disturbances, anemia, clotting disorders, decreased immunity to infections, gastrointestinal inflammation and irritation, acute and chronic problems with the pancreas, low blood sugar, high blood fat content, interference with reproductive fertility, increased risk of cancer of the liver, esophagus, and breast, weakened bones, sleep disturbances, anxiety, and depression. About 20% of adults admitted to the hospital (for any reason) are alcohol dependent. Men are more than twice as likely to be alcohol dependent than women, and smokers who are alcohol dependent are much more likely to develop serious or fatal health problems associated with alcoholism.

Successful long-term recovery is more likely with longer involvement in the treatment process. Wyoming Recovery offers weekly continuing care sessions for the months after completion of residential or Intensive Outpatient levels of care. In these groups, graduates address various issues of sober living in the real world setting, helping to reduce the risk of relapse.


I am appalled that a book written by two extremely disturbed privileged white males who lived in 1930s Jim Crow era America is still the "treatment " standard for addiction. AA has been ruled a religious organization by several federal circuit courts, and it is impossible to work the program without a belief in a God who magically answers prayers for the addict who prays hard enough. It is not possible to turn one's will and life over to the care of Nature, or a Doorknob, or the Group of Drunks. One is guided through the steps by someone who is only qualified by the amount of sober time they claim to have. 12 step groups are especially dangerous for survivors of rape, abuse, and other trauma when they are tasked to examine "their part" in the crimes committed against them, not to mention having to defend themselves against the unethical yet joked about 13th Step.
We, of ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS, know thousands of men and women who were once just as hopeless as Bill. Nearly all have recovered. They have solved the drink problem. We are average Americans. All sections of this country and many of its occupations are represented, as well as many political, economic, social, and religious backgrounds. We are people who normally would not mix. But there exists among us a fellowship, a friendliness, and an understanding which is indescribably wonderful....
Jump up ^ Agrawal, A; Sartor, CE; Lynskey, MT; Grant, JD; Pergadia, ML; Grucza, R; Bucholz, KK; Nelson, EC; Madden, PA; Martin, NG; Heath, AC (2009). "Evidence for an Interaction Between Age at 1st Drink and Genetic Influences on DSM-IV Alcohol Dependence Symptoms". Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 33 (12): 2047–56. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.01044.x. PMC 2883563. PMID 19764935.
Addiction is a complex brain disease that impacts people emotionally, physically, socially, financially, behaviorally, and personally. Families and loved ones are negatively affected as well. Addiction recovery is aided by professional treatment programs and by engaging in support groups that can offer encouragement, hope, and healthy peer interactions. These self-help groups aid in facilitating the formation of groups of people who have similar goals for sobriety and long-term abstinence from drugs and alcohol. The idea of a 12-Step program began with Alcoholics Anonymous, or AA, a program designed to support individuals struggling with addiction to alcohol in their recovery efforts.
Jump up ^ "Corrections Catalog". Archived from the original on 12 December 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2009. The titles include: Carrying the Message into Correctional Facilities, Where Do I Go From Here?, A.A. in Prison: Inmate to Inmate, A.A. in Correctional Facilities, It Sure Beats Sitting in a Cell, Memo to an Inmate Who May be an Alcoholic, A Message to Corrections Administrators
As with similar substances with a sedative-hypnotic mechanism, such as barbiturates and benzodiazepines, withdrawal from alcohol dependence can be fatal if it is not properly managed.[55][61] Alcohol's primary effect is the increase in stimulation of the GABAA receptor, promoting central nervous system depression. With repeated heavy consumption of alcohol, these receptors are desensitized and reduced in number, resulting in tolerance and physical dependence. When alcohol consumption is stopped too abruptly, the person's nervous system suffers from uncontrolled synapse firing. This can result in symptoms that include anxiety, life-threatening seizures, delirium tremens, hallucinations, shakes and possible heart failure.[62][63] Other neurotransmitter systems are also involved, especially dopamine, NMDA and glutamate.[25][64]
Hey, it's been a while since I check this roundup post again. Sadly, a few programs in this list are no longer free. Some got acquired, some don't work anymore due to lack of updates. For the accuracy of this post, I have to remove some programs from this list. Previously there were 20 truly free data recovery programs got featured, now much fewer.
Types of Files bmp, psd, jpg, png, pdf, doc, docx, xls, xlsx, mp3, wma, wav, mp4, mov, wmv...❓arw, bmp, cr2, crw, dcr, dib, dng, dsc, dt2, emf, eps, fpx, gif, ico, icon, jpeg, jpg, mrw, nef, orf, pcd, pcx, pic, png, psd, ptx, raf, raw, rw2, svg, tga, thm, tif, tiff, wbmp, wdp, webp, wmf, pdf, abw, accdb, accdt, aww, chm, cnt, dbx, djvu, doc, docm, docx, dot, dotm, dotx, epub, gdb, gp4, ind, indd, key, keynote, mdb, mht, mpd, mpp, mpt, numbers, odf, odp, ods, odt, ofxiconofx, one, onepkg, ott, oxps, pages, pmd, pot, potx, pps, ppsx, ppt, pptm, pptx, prn, prproj, pst, pub, pwi, qif, rep, rtf, sdc, sdd, sdw, shs, snp, sxc, sxd, sxi, sxw, thmx, tpl, vsd, vsdx, wlmp, wpd, wps, wri, xlb, xlc, xll, xlm, xls, xlsm, xlsx, xlt, xlw, xps, 3ga, aac, aif, aiff, amr, ape, asf, asx, cda, dvf, flac, gp5, gpx, logic, m4a, m4b, m4p, mid, midi, mp2, mp3, mus, ogg, pcm, rec, rmvb, snd, sng, uax, wav, wma, wp, xm, 264, 3g2, 3gp, asf, asx, avi, bik, dash, dvr, flv, h264, m2t, m2ts, m4v, mkv, mod, mov, mp4, mpeg, mpg, mswmm, mts, ogv, prproj, rec, rmvb, swf, tod, tp, ts, vob, webm, wmv, arw, bmp, cr2, crw, dcr, dib, dng, dsc, dt2, emf, eps, fpx, gif, ico, icon, jpeg, jpg, mrw, nef, orf, pcd, pcx, pic, png, psd, ptx, raf, raw, rw2, svg, tga, thm, tif, tiff, wbmp, wdp, webp, wmf, pdf, abw, accdb, accdt, aww, chm, cnt, dbx, djvu, doc, docm, docx, dot, dotm, dotx, epub, gdb, gp4, ind, indd, key, keynote, mdb, mht, mpd, mpp, mpt, numbers, odf, odp, ods, odt, ofxiconofx, one, onepkg, ott, oxps, pages, pmd, pot, potx, pps, ppsx, ppt, pptm, pptx, prn, prproj, pst, pub, pwi, qif, rep, rtf, sdc, sdd, sdw, shs, snp, sxc, sxd, sxi, sxw, thmx, tpl, vsd, vsdx, wlmp, wpd, wps, wri, xlb, xlc, xll, xlm, xls, xlsm, xlsx, xlt, xlw, xps, 3ga, aac, aif, aiff, amr, ape, asf, asx, cda, dvf, flac, gp5, gpx, logic, m4a, m4b, m4p, mid, midi, mp2, mp3, mus, ogg, pcm, rec, rmvb, snd, sng, uax, wav, wma, wp, xm, 264, 3g2, 3gp, asf, asx, avi, bik, dash, dvr, flv, h264, m2t, m2ts, m4v, mkv, mod, mov, mp4, mpeg, mpg, mswmm, mts, ogv, prproj, rec, rmvb, swf, tod, tp, ts, vob, webm, wmv bmp, psd, jpg, png, pdf, doc, docx, xls, xlsx, mp3, mp4, mov, wmv, bak, sys, rar, csv, exe, msi...❓arw, bmp, cr2, crw, dcr, dib, dng, dsc, dt2, emf, eps, fpx, gif, ico, icon, jpeg, jpg, mrw, nef, orf, pcd, pcx, pic, png, psd, ptx, raf, raw, rw2, svg, tga, thm, tif, tiff, wbmp, wdp, webp, wmf, pdf, abw, accdb, accdt, aww, chm, cnt, dbx, djvu, doc, docm, docx, dot, dotm, dotx, epub, gdb, gp4, ind, indd, key, keynote, mdb, mht, mpd, mpp, mpt, numbers, odf, odp, ods, odt, ofxiconofx, one, onepkg, ott, oxps, pages, pmd, pot, potx, pps, ppsx, ppt, pptm, pptx, prn, prproj, pst, pub, pwi, qif, rep, rtf, sdc, sdd, sdw, shs, snp, sxc, sxd, sxi, sxw, thmx, tpl, vsd, vsdx, wlmp, wpd, wps, wri, xlb, xlc, xll, xlm, xls, xlsm, xlsx, xlt, xlw, xps, 3ga, aac, aif, aiff, amr, ape, asf, asx, cda, dvf, flac, gp5, gpx, logic, m4a, m4b, m4p, mid, midi, mp2, mp3, mus, ogg, pcm, rec, rmvb, snd, sng, uax, wav, wma, wp, xm, 264, 3g2, 3gp, asf, asx, avi, bik, dash, dvr, flv, h264, m2t, m2ts, m4v, mkv, mod, mov, mp4, mpeg, mpg, mswmm, mts, ogv, prproj, rec, rmvb, swf, tod, tp, ts, vob, webm, wmv, txt, csv, inf, ini, c, php, tex, jsp, asp, java, ly, h, json, pl, py, rb, sh, adr, cls, cue, dif, dp, emk, hdr, jad, lyx, m3u, mem, msf, sql, pts, qgs, ram, reg, rpp, SeeNeT, slk, snz, stp, url, vbm, wpl, js, mdl, msi, bak, cgi, cpp, hpp, afl, cfg, dll, exe, lib, log, manifest, ipch, ilk, obj, pri, pri~, pro, qml, qml~, sln, suo, tmp, vcproj, vcxproj, user, user~, wixobj, wixpdb, wxs, a, bat, cab, dat, cc, aps, cer, msm, msp, pem, pfx, pli, pvk, qm, ts, qmltypes, qrc, rc, rc2, ptn, res, scl, scr, ui, use, wxl
Five stages of alcohol and substance abuse disorders have been identified. The first stage is described as having access to alcohol rather than use of alcohol. In that stage, minimizing the risk factors that make a person more vulnerable to using alcohol are an issue. The second stage of alcohol use ranges from experimentation or occasional use to regular weekly use of alcohol. This or any of the more severe stages of alcoholism may involve binge drinking. The third stage is characterized by individuals further increasing the frequency of alcohol use and/or using the substance on a regular basis. This stage may also include either buying or stealing to get alcohol. In the fourth stage of alcohol use, users have established regular alcohol consumption, have become preoccupied with getting intoxicated ("high") and have developed problems in their social, educational, vocational, or family life as a result of using the substance. The final and most serious fifth stage of alcohol use is defined by the person only feeling normal when they are using alcohol. During this stage, risk-taking behaviors like stealing, engaging in physical fights, or driving while intoxicated increase, and they become most vulnerable to having suicidal thoughts.
Alcoholism is a chronic, progressive behavioral disorder characterized by a strong urge to consume ethanol and an inability to limit the amount of drinking despite adverse consequences, including social or occupational impairment and deterioration of physical health. The disorder includes both physical dependence (withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, sweating, tremors, and delirium resulting from abstinence) and tolerance (the need to increase alcohol intake to achieve the desired effect). Excessive drinking may occur daily or during binges separated by intervals of sobriety lasting from days to months. About 30% of U.S. adults drink to excess at least occasionally, and 3-5% of women and 10% of men have chronic problems of excessive drinking. In approximately 40% of those who habitually abuse alcohol, a pattern of inappropriate drinking is evident before age 20. Alcoholism is frequently accompanied by addiction to nicotine and other drugs, anxiety, depression, and antisocial personality. It tends to run in families, but personal history and environmental factors are apparently at least as important as genetic predisposition. Behavioral traits that are typical of alcoholism include solitary drinking, morning drinking, lying about the extent of one's drinking, and maintenance of a secret supply of liquor. Alcoholism costs the U.S. approximately $200 billion yearly. Chronic alcoholism decreases life expectancy by about 15 years. It is associated with an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension, stroke, acute hepatitis, cirrhosis, gastritis, pancreatitis, syncope, amnesia and personality change. Because ethanol is a rich source of nonnutritive calories, heavy drinking often leads to malnutrition and vitamin deficiency. Degenerative central nervous system disorders associated with alcoholism include Wernicke encephalopathy (due to thiamine deficiency) and Korsakoff psychosis. Alcoholics are more likely than nonalcoholics to be involved in automobile accidents (more than 25% of all traffic deaths involve alcohol) and to commit violent crimes, including spousal and child abuse and homicide. A child born to an alcoholic mother may suffer the stigmata of fetal alcohol syndrome, characterized by low birth weight, facial dysmorphism, cardiac anomalies, and mental retardation. The treatment of alcoholism requires intensive counseling of patient and family. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational enhancement therapy, group therapy, and support groups are all of proven value. Administration of benzodiazepines during withdrawal and use of topiramate or naltrexone to maintain abstinence are often effective. Disulfiram taken regularly can lower the risk of relapse by inducing severe malaise and nausea if alcohol is consumed. Detoxification programs for the management of acute alcoholic intoxication include withdrawal of all alcohol consumption and provision of nutritional, pharmacologic, and psychological support.

A lot of people get wrapped up in abusing psychoactive substances that make them feel good.  Physical and psychological dependence ensue.  Both states of withdrawal may ensue.  There are people who just need motivation and life change to get away from their addiction.  There is another class of people who cannot stop.  The 12-steps are being attacked because they can't do anything for you.  You have to use the 12-steps for them to help you.  I have the disease, nothing else could help me. 
Even if you do go to the trouble of backing up data, there’s plenty of potential for files to slip through the cracks. You may have neglected to include an important folder in the backup job, or your hard drive may fail the day before your weekly backup is due to be updated. This is where data recovery tools can save the day, and here we take a look at five of the very best free options that are available.
The primary purpose of our website is to help readers find information about the location, times, and addresses of meetings of Area 37 groups and districts so he or she can make direct, face-to-face contact with A.A. This website will not be used to establish or encourage email exchanges, chat meetings, or contacts that lead to similar online activities. All information is provided solely for the purpose of helping the alcoholic make direct, face-to-face contact with A.A.
A large body of evidence indicates that maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy contributes adversely to a fetus's development. Abnormalities in infants and children associated with maternal alcohol consumption may include prenatal and postnatal physical retardation, neurological deficits (e.g., impaired attention control), mental retardation, behavioral problems (e.g., impulsivity), skull or brain malformations, and facial malformations (e.g., a thin upper lip and elongated flattened midface). These abnormalities, influenced by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, are referred to as fetal alcohol effects (FAEs), or fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) if a sufficient number of effects are apparent in the child.
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